Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Turkey‘s 12th President of the Republic, from 2003 to present (59, 60 and 61 period) and present Prime Minister of the Justice and Development Party is the founder and chairman since 2002.
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, who was originally born as Rize, was born on February 26, 1954 as the third child of his family in Kasımpaşa. His father was Ahmet Erdoğan, and his mother was Tenzile Erdoğan. His father worked as a coastal captain on the sea routes. When his father, Ahmet Erdoğan, at the age of 13, moved to Istanbul from Rize’s Güneysu district, he settled in Kasimpasa district. Tayyip Erdogan, who was named Recep and his grandfather because he was born in Recep, had 4 siblings including 3 boys and 1 girl.
An important part of his life was in Kasımpaşa, one of the oldest settlements in Istanbul. He studied primary school Piyale Paşa Primary School. During school years, he was selling paper candy to get his school tuition. In 1965, he finished Piyale Pasha Elementary School and started to Istanbul Imam Hatip School. He participated in many poetry reading competitions, from high school to essay contests, from athletics to soccer tournaments, to many sporting, social and cultural events. He read the boarding. His father is 2,5 TL per week. It would have. On the weekends, the ball went to the fields, and the water would sell. He went to Eminönü from Kasımpaşa to give the road, and he bought and sold mint, lemon and eucalyptus candy.
In 1969, when he was 15 years old, Erdogan continued his sport activities by taking a transfer from Camialtı Sports Club.
He graduated from the Imam Hatip School in 1973. He received his diploma from Eyup High School by giving the difference courses examination. Marmara University earned the Faculty of Economics and Commercial Sciences. He graduated from this faculty in 1981. Meanwhile, Camialtı Sports Club transferred to IETT. In 1976, İETT football team became Istanbul champion. He had to leave the IETT after September 12, 1980. So 16 years of soccer has ended in his life.
He started to take part in active social and political life in university years .. In 1976, the National Salvation Party was elected to the Presidency of Beyoğlu Youth Branch and the same year as the MSP Istanbul Provincial Presidency after the years of office in the National Turkish Student Association. She married Emine Hanım, who met in 1977 for a conference, on July 4, 1978. They had 4 children, 2 boys and 2 girls. (Ahmet Burak, Necmeddin Bilal, Esra and Sümeyye.)
He left the IETT on September 12, 1980 and started to work in the private sector. After working in the private sector for a while, he went to the military in 1982. He did his spare officer training in Tuzla. He completed his 77th infantry regiment in Istanbul Hasdal. After military service, he worked for private company for 1.5 years. Later on, he started as a General Manager in another company.
Political life began again with the Welfare Party established in 1983 after the September 12, 1980 Revolution. In 1984, he was elected president of Beyoğlu district, in 1985 he was elected as provincial chairman and M.K.Y.K member. Between 1984-1994, many elections with the party entered. In the 1986 midterm elections he became a deputy candidate. In 1989, he became mayor of Beyoğlu district. The party was the 2nd party in the 1989 elections. In 1991, he became a deputy candidate again. He won the election and became a deputy. Later, due to the preferential voting system, the high electoral committee canceled the election.
Until the elections of March 27, 1994, he served as the Provincial Directorate of Istanbul Province. In the elections of March 27, 1994, he was elected as Mayor of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality and won 25,19% votes. The cases of corruption opened against İdo during the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality were temporarily frozen during the election of deputies.
Upon the closure of the Fazilet Party by the Constitutional Court, nationalist and innovator movements forming two different views within the party established their own parties. Recai Kutan founded the Saadet Party with nationalists, while the innovators headed by Recep Tayyip Erdoğan founded the Justice and Development Party (AKP) on 14 August 2001.
Erdogan was elected president in the first general congress of the Justice and Development Party. A.K.P. was the winner with 34.29% of the votes in the general elections held on 3 November 2002. The fact that the party had won general elections and that it was in the position of a ruling party was not enough to put Erdogan in parliament; because there was a ban on election. Abdullah Gul took a look at the party chairmanship and prime ministerial duty for a while.
Siirt deputy Fadil Akgündüz, and then on March 9, 2003, as a result of the elections in Siirt, Erdogan won the Siirt deputy and entered the parliament as the deputy of the 22nd term Siirt. 58. The chairman of the AKP government and the prime minister’s office passed the seat vacated by Gul captured on offer to resign and the Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey was established 59 59 Government.
On 22 July 2007, during the elections held during the 23rd term of the Assembly, A.K.P. 46.6% of the vote was again the ruling party. 60. Government established the Republic of Turkey and again received a vote of confidence. Erdogan also sat for the second time in his prime minister’s seat. The referendum on Constitutional amendments made on 12 September 2010 reached 58% of yes votes and the campaign pioneered by Prime Minister Tayyip Erdoğan showed a historic success.
June 12, 2011 24 period’s historic parliamentary elections made by Turkey as a result of the 49.8 percent of the votes the AK Party won a great victory again.
Recep Tayyip Erdogan first addressed the results of the election in 1989 after he lost his election to Beyoglu Municipality. He appealed to the court to say “drunk” in the court, so he was kept under observation for one week and received a fine.
In a speech he made in December 12, 1997, in Siirt, the poet Ziya Gokalp wrote in 1912, “The minarets are the bayonets, the domes helmets, the glasses are wintering, the soldiers of the believers / Ekber, Allahu Akbar. “He made statements that meant that the country was split between those who followed Atatürk’s reforms and those who believed in Islam. As a result of this action, a lawsuit was filed against him for “provoking public hatred and hostility with religious and racial differences”. As a result of the lawsuit, the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality was terminated and sentenced to one year in jail and 860 million Turkish Lira in fines. The court reduced this penalty to four months’ imprisonment and 176 million Turkish liras; Erdogan was sentenced to four months in prison in the Pınarhisar District of Kirklareli and was released from prison on 24 July 1999.
On January 14, 2000, a member of the SBS radio station in Melbourne, Australia, responded to questions directed at him and compared him with terrorist organization leader Abdullah Ocalan. “Sayin Ocalan is now giving the account of the kills he had received, not his thoughts. I have been in prison for 4 months because of my thoughts, the difference between us is very big.” He has been criticized for being a victim of martyrs and loss of life, “kelle” and leader of illegal organization, Ocalan. The Martyr Analyst Association has been ordered by the Istanbul Magistrate of Magistrates 2 Magistrates Court to punish him for paying the penalty of “3 kuruş”. Appeal was not accepted in appeal court.
Musa Kart, on the corner of Cumhuriyet newspaper, depicted Erdogan as a crouching cat as a cartoon depicted the cartoon sued. The court case against which Erdoğan earned his first session was canceled by the Ankara Eighth Civil Court of Justice at the next hearing and Erdogan’s claim for compensation was rejected. In order to protest this event, Erdogan, who was drawn to the bodies of different animals under the name of Tayypler Alemi in the cover drawing published on 24 February 2005 issue of Penguen humor magazine, opened a compensation case of 40.000 YTL to Penguen magazine. However, this case was also rejected by Ankara First Court of First Instance on 14 February 2006.
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has been reported to have a total of TL 2 million 366 thousand 109 TL in bank accounts and TL 500 thousand in other accounts according to the new declaration of goods published on the Prime Ministry Press Center website on 1 March 2010. As the reason for Erdogan’s asset existence, the sum of sales income, retirement bonus, pension and deputy salaries of company shares is shown.
Recep Tayyip Erdogan University was the name of Rize University in Rize with the decision of Parliament General Assembly on 11 April 2012.
Erdogan, won with 51.79% of the vote during the August 10 elections, was elected President of the Republic of Turkey 12. On 17 August, Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu nominated for the AK Party’s presidency and Davutoglu was elected on 21 August. On August 28, he swore to a relative. On 29th August 26th Prime Minister Davutoglu swore.
Erdogan introduced the Presidential Complex, the new presidential palace, which was built for the first time on 29 October 2014. The palace, which consists of 200,000 square meters and 1000 rooms, has been argued because it is 40 times the size of the White House and about 300 million TL initially, but about 1.5 billion TL. CHP deputies began to work to demolish, claiming that the building was a fugitive.
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan was re-elected as the founding president of the AK Party, the founder of the 3rd Extraordinary Grand Congress held on May 21, 2017, after the amendment of the Constitution adopted on April 16, and the opening of the President’s party.
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is married to Emine Erdoğan (Gülbaran) on 4 July 1978 and has 4 children named Ahmet Burak (d.1979), Sümeyye (d.1985), Esra (d.1981) and Necmettin Bilal Erdoğan (d.1980) has.