What are Parkinson’s disease and symptoms?

What are Parkinson's disease and symptoms?

Parkinson’s disease is a disease caused by the loss of dopamine-producing brain cells, called “motor system diseases”.

Parkinson’s disease is a progressive form of disease, and symptoms such as hand, arm, leg, jaw and face wobble are getting worse when they become worse. As the disease progresses, the person may experience walking difficulty, speech difficulty, and may not be able to meet daily simple needs alone.

There is no cure for Parkinson’s disease, but some medications may alleviate the symptoms of the disease. In some cases, several areas of the brain can be surgically intervened to relieve symptoms.

Parkinson’s Symptoms

Parkinson’s disease stops the body’s movements and the production of dopamine, an important chemical that affects the mood of a person. As the amount of dopamine decreases, symptoms indicate that Parkinson’s disease is the cause.

The indication of the disease may vary from person to person and the initial symptoms may be so slight that it can not be noticed. Signs at the onset usually affect one side of the body and spread over both sides as time progresses.

Shake: Hand tremor, uncontrolled movements of the head, slight vibrations in the chin and lips are the most common manifestations of Parkinson’s. These vibrations may accompany the twenty of the leg muscles.

However, the point to note here is that every hand vibration does not mean Parkinson’s disease. After a heavy lifting, your hands may vibrate more often than usual, as a side effect of a drug you are taking or a work you have used intensively. The tremor seen in Parkinson’s disease occurs when the hand is resting.

Deceleration of Movements (Bradykinesia): Parkinson’s disease makes it difficult to move over time, making simple physical activities even longer. For example, as you walk down the steps become smaller. It’s hard to walk because the patient is dragging his feet while walking.

Parkinson’s patients describe this as “as if my feet were sticking around”. In addition, due to the hardening of the muscles, their ability to move is limited and pain can occur during movement. Shoulder and hip pain, swelling of the arms while walking, and other symptoms that affect Parkinson’s movement and muscles.

Handwriting Shrinkage: Sudden changes in handwriting may be symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. In the handwritten letters the letters that can be reduced can become closer and more mixed. As age progresses, it is normal for handwriting to change to joint pain, depending on visual disturbances, but this does not develop suddenly, as in Parkinson’s disease, but develops over time.

Changes in Speech: Parkinson’s symptoms may be changes in speech, such as talking faster or lower than normal, not stopping while talking, hesitating before talking, hand movements while talking, monotony of speaking with reduced facial movements.

Other Specifics of Parkinson’s

Problems in taking sharp smells due to reduced ability to smell.

Depending on the parkinson, the posture may deteriorate, the person may experience humpback, balance and coordination problems.

Kicking, punching, or lying down in deep sleep is among Parkinson’s indications.

The constipation problem, which is becoming more common due to decreased bowel movements, is the first period of Parkinson’s disease.

It’s hard to understand because of the mental state of the person because the mimics are diminishing. It can always be a serious face expression.

As the disease progresses, swallowing can be seen.

Depending on the disease, fluctuations may occur in the person’s emotional state. Depression is a common condition.

Stretching can not be done and urination can be difficult to keep.

Blood pressure may be reduced and problems such as dizziness, blurred vision may occur.

Parkinson’s Disease Causes

The exact cause of Parkinson’s disease, ie why it is seen in some people and not in others, is not clearly known. However, it is known that some factors increase Parkinson’s risk.

Experts say that mutations that occur in genres may lead to Parkinson, but it is difficult to say that these mutations, which are rarely seen when considering the number of Parkinson’s patients worldwide, are the only reasons for the disease.

Another toxin that is said to cause Parkinson’s disease is certain toxins. But again, quite a few people are exposed to these toxic substances.

Apart from these, there are some groups where Parkinson is more common, depending on age, gender and hereditary characteristics. For example, Parkinson’s disease is most common in adults over 50 years of age. In addition, men are more common than women. Patients with Parkinson’s disease are more likely to have this disease.

As a result, there is not enough information about what causes Parkinson and there is a need for more research on this area.

Parkinson’s Disease Treatment

As yet no definitive treatment for Parkinson is possible, the problems caused by the disease can be controlled and continued to normal life.

Although it is not possible to restore the disease and allow dead brain cells to produce dopamine again, some drugs used in Parkinson’s treatment can be converted to dopamine by the brain.

Some other medicines do not need to be converted to dopamine, but have a dopamine-like effect. These medications delay the problems caused by Parkinson’s disease, alleviating the problems caused by the initial stage of the disease.

Controlling the problems caused by Parkinson’s disease depends on the early diagnosis of the large-scale disease.

In addition to drug treatment in Parkinson’s disease, surgery can be performed by placing electrodes in various regions of the brain called “deep brain stimulation”.

In this method, electrodes that emit electric waves in connection with a generator placed in the chest area are used to lighten the Parkinsonian indication. Deep brain stimulation is generally used in advanced Parkinson’s patients who do not respond to drug therapy.

It should not be forgotten that Parkinson’s disease is a progressive disease. Some people may become severely disabled due to illness, but some patients may experience minor motor problems.

Hand flicker is the most important problem for some patients, while hand flicker for others is a minor problem as well as other problems. For this reason, nobody can make an accurate prediction about the progress of the disease and the symptoms to be seen.

Editing Lifestyle

Some changes in lifestyle can help alleviate the problems caused by the disease. For example, a diet that consumes more fresh vegetables and fruit, whole grain foods, and high-fiber foods can get rid of constipation due to illness.

Regular exercises can help maintain muscle strength, flexibility and balance. Exercise is also very effective in the treatment of anxiety and depression that are common in Parkinson’s patients. However, due to balance problems, it is important not to move fast during the exercise, to pay attention to the heels first when walking, and to look forward rather than to walk forward to prevent injuries due to falling.

Alternative and Supportive Treatment Methods

Studies in this area show that some alternative treatment modalities and nutritional supplements are effective in some patients.

Coenzyme Q10: Coenzyme Q10, a natural vitamin-like substance that helps transport electrons between cells, is especially beneficial in the early stages of the disease. Nutritional supplements containing Coenzyme Q10 are sold without a prescription. It is also rich in fish, red meat, offal, poultry, groundnut, and soybean oil coenzyme Q10-rich foods.

Massage: Professional massage helps relax the muscles that harden due to Parkinson’s and relieve the patient.

Acupuncture: With acupuncture, muscle pain can be alleviated.

Yoga / Meditation: The yoga movements to stretch the muscles can provide the person’s posture to be restored / protected. Meditation, on the other hand, lifts up your mood by reducing stress and anxiety.

2 thoughts on “What are Parkinson’s disease and symptoms?

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  • November 21, 2018 at 16:07
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