What is a cramp?
There are 2 kinds of muscles in the body. These; red muscles working voluntarily, and involuntary white muscles working with brain stimulation. These muscles regularly perform their tasks with contraction and relaxation. In some cases, however, after a contraction movement a stable condition occurs and muscle can not relax. As a result, muscle cramps come to the scene. The duration of cramps varies according to the contraction power and body structure. The shortest cramps can last 15-20 minutes while the longest cramps are 5 seconds long. Long-standing cramps can be a sign of a disability or a generalized muscle disorder.
What are cramp statements?
-> Severe pain in the muscle
-> Muscle sensation
-> Muscle overcorrection
What are the Cramping Causes?
-> The most common cause of cramps is not warm enough before the spore.
-> During swimming a lot of leg fluttering or drowning can cause body cramps to build up for fear of drowning.
-> A lot of water is lost in the body due to sports or excessive heat. Lost water also causes the electrolyte density in the body to increase. The increased electrolyte density makes it difficult to relax the muscles and can lead to cramps.
-> Diuretic use increases the risk of cramping due to kidney disease.
-> Diabetes can cause blood formation and cramping because it breaks down the mineral balance.
-> Pregnancy and short-term weight gain can cause cramping because the muscles increase the load.
-> Nervous diseases can lead to involuntary contractions, which can lead to cramps.
What can be done for the passage of cramps?
-> Lightly massage the cramp region
-> Hot water or hot towel application to cramp
-> Increase blood flow by gently shaking the contraction area
-> Squeeze the cramp entering area to change the pain center and
-> Applying sudden ice to the place of cramp accelerates the passage of cramps.
What can be done to protect from cramp?
-> To warm up to a degree before doing sports
-> Do not go out in extreme cold weather
-> People with kidney disease drink plenty of water and
-> Keeping diabetes patients under constant control reduces the risk of cramps.